What are skin pores?
Pores are small openings on the outermost layer of the skin that are connected to hair follicles and sebaceous glands. They release sweat and sebum (the body’s natural oils) that is produced in the sebaceous glands directly onto the surface of the skin. Sebaceous glands are most abundant in the pores visible on the face, chest, and back. Each hair follicle is associated with at least one sebaceous gland. The opening of that follicle and gland is the visible pore that can be seen.
Why do pores enlarge and become prominent?
Pores are more prominent when they are dilated, infected, or clogged with oil and other debris, making them appear larger than they are at their ‘normal’ state. Pore size and prominence is partially determined by genes but can be significantly affected by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Such factors include sun exposure, aging, hormonal changes, pollution, daily habits, and lifestyle choices such as smoking. Any factor that reduces the amount of elastin and collagen in the skin also contributes significantly to enlarged pores. As certain biological functions change with age, stress, and illness, the underlying dermal layer of the skin can become compromised and lose its structure and elasticity. Collagen and elastin fibers may deplete and become weaker and the skin naturally loses its firmness and support for surrounding structures. At a micro-level, this change in skin structure allows pores to relax and dilate.
Improving cellular rejuvenation allows the pores to function better and reduces the overproduction of sebum. By doing so, they reduce pore size. This can be effectively achieved through topical skincare alongside non-invasive medical-grade chemical peels. Incorporating exfoliants such as Salicylic Acid (Beta-Hydroxy Acid) and Glycolic Acid (Alpha-Hydroxy Acid) can help remove excess dead skin cells from the surface of the skin as well as from inside the pores. Sebum can then no longer accumulate within the pore and in response, it returns to its normal size or appears smaller. Applying sunscreen containing antioxidants that combine active ingredients to neutralize free radicals can increase collagen synthesis and cell growth while enhancing the structural integrity of the skin and minimizing the appearance of pores.
In some cases where the skin pores are prominent and may be associated with acne, oral medication is sometimes prescribed off-label in the form of a vitamin A derivative. These oral prescription retinoids work through receptors on the cell surface that encourages the natural renewal of skin cells helping to unclog pores. They also reduce the size of sebaceous glands hence reducing the amount of sebum they produce.
Besides personalized and effective skincare and chemical peels, prominent pores respond well to regular maintenance procedures such as:
- Radiofrequency microneedling – this treats textural issues by delivering electrical energy in the form of radiofrequency with micro-needles to improve prominent pores.
- Laser Genesis – a gentle non-invasive laser treatment designed to target large pores by bulk heating the skin, reducing small blood vessels, and increasing collagen and elastin production.
- CO2 Laser Resurfacing – this laser shoots micro-beams of CO2 (carbon dioxide) and breaks down the tissue of the epidermis and dermis in small columns. As the skin naturally heals, healthy new skin grows over the treatment area.
Taking the Next Step
If you have questions about enlarged skin pores or would like to schedule a consultation, call Innova Aesthetics at +92 321 5428888, or complete the following form to request your consultation today.
Have A Question? Lets Talk!