What are brown spots and freckles?
Brown spots and freckles on sun-exposed skin are ephelides (the plural of ephelis) and lentigines (the plural of lentigo). The difference between an ephelis and a lentigo is that an ephelis fades during the winter months while a lentigo persists in the absence of ultraviolet (UV) stimulation. Ephelides and lentigines can occur in the same individuals and the risk factors for both are generally the same.
What is the treatment for brown spots and freckles?
Prevention of brown marks
Not all brown marks on the skin can be prevented. Careful sun protection will reduce the number of new solar lentigines. Staying out of the sun and using sun-protective clothing is much more effective than using sunscreens alone. Sunscreens must have a high sun-protection factor (SPF 50+) and good broad-spectrum cover, and they should be applied liberally and frequently.
Treatment of brown marks
Brown marks may fade with careful sun protection, such as applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen daily. Regular applications of anti-aging or fading creams may also help.
These may contain hydroquinone or antioxidants such as:
- Alpha-hydroxy acids
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin E
- Tyrosinase inhibitors such as:
- Arbutin — naturally occurring hydroquinone
- Azelaic acid
- Kojic acid.
- Melanosome inhibitors such as niacinamide (B3).
Brown marks may be removed more rapidly and effectively by chemical peels, cryotherapy, or certain pigment lasers that target melanin in the skin. Multiple treatments are often necessary.
Taking the Next Step
If you have questions about this treatment or would like to schedule a consultation, call Innova Aesthetics at +92 321 5428888, or complete the following consultation today
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